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Is Special Education Right For Your Child?
Is Your Child Struggling in School or With Homework? Is Your School District Providing the Right Type and Amount of Support?
by Richard Isaacs, California Special Needs Group
California general education teachers are some of the best trained teachers in the country. They have extensive training working with children of varying cultural backgrounds and learning abilities. However, they typically do not have the time or in class resources to focus on every child’s unique needs. For most students, the presentation of information in the regular educational setting is appropriate. However, some students inevitably require small group or individual attention in certain subjects. Unfortunately, many school districts fail to offer or take years, wasting precious early intervention time, before they offer a struggling student the appropriate support he/she needs to be successful in the classroom. Therefore, the burden falls on parents to make sure their child is receiving the appropriate support and services from their school district. If your child is struggling in school there are numerous resources available to help them.
It is important for Parents to know that Special education is not only for the severely disabled. It is not a bad thing and should not hold a negative connotation. Special education is a service that allows a school district and Parents to design an individual education program (IEP) designed to meet your child's unique needs. If your child is struggling in reading or math the IEP may provide for extra help in these areas. This may include 1:1 teacher support in or outside of the classroom.
If your child is struggling in school, having a hard time with homework or falling behind his peers in testing he/she may require extra help during school. School district’s have many wonderful resources available to help students receive a benefit from their education. It is your job as parents to request these services. Below are the steps and procedures you should take if your child is struggling in the classroom.
Step One: Classroom Intervention
The first step a school district will take when a student is struggling with their education is to begin the Response to Intervention (RTI) process. If your school district has not started this process, you must request it in writing. A quick e-mail to the principal will suffice. Generally, the teacher and or grade level team will discuss the needs of their "low" kids and come up with in class interventions to bring these students up to grade level. This may include among other things, longer time on tests, modified homework etc. For some students, these interventions work well while for others they do not.
If a child is really struggling and having an obvious hard time keeping up with his/her peers the District should assess the child for special education and related services. Unfortunately, many children are never assessed for additional services and instead go year after year struggling and falling further behind. Because students change teachers every year it is easy for them to get lost in the mix and for the RTI process to start all over again with each grade level.
Step Two: Request an Assessment for Special Education
If a student does not start to improve after a few months of the RTI process, Parents must request, in writing, an assessment for special education and related services. The school district has fifteen (15) days to respond to your request for assessments. Additionally, the school district is legally responsible for providing an appropriate education designed to meet your child’s unique needs. DO NOT wait until your school district recommends assessing… it may take years or they may never assess even as your child continues to struggle. The District’s reasoning for this is that once a child becomes eligible to receive special education and related services strict federal and state laws apply to protect the rights of the student and parents. Additionally, the school district will be spending more money and resources to meet your child’s needs.
When the District agrees to assess for special education they will provide Parents with an assessment plan. The assessment plan identifies what areas will be assessed and who will perform the assessment. It is important for Parents to carefully review the assessment plan to make sure all areas of suspected disability will be evaluated. Upon signing and returning the assessment plan the school district has sixty (60) days to complete their assessment and hold an individualized education program (IEP) meeting with you to review the assessment. At this meeting the school district will determine (1) if your child has a qualifying condition to receive special education; and (2) by reason thereof does your child require special education and related services. There are thirteen (13) eligibility categories for the receipt of special education and each one has multiple subcategories.
Step Three: IEP Meeting
Once the assessment(s) are completed the school district will schedule an IEP meeting to review the results. The district will send you an IEP notice which will give you the time and location of the meeting and who will be in attendance. It is also important to request in advance of the meeting a copy of all assessments the district will be reviewing at the IEP meeting. This will allow you to review the assessments beforehand and write down any questions you may have. Additionally, it is a good practice to highlight all areas of need mentioned in the assessment and to make sure that every area gets addressed at the IEP meeting.
Your child's IEP team must include the parents of the child, a regular education teacher (if the child is, or may be, participating in the regular education environment), Special education teacher(s) of the child, a district administrator who (1) is qualified to provide, or supervise the provision of, specially designed instruction to meet the unique needs of children with disabilities; (2) is knowledgeable about the general education curriculum; and (3) is knowledgeable about the availability of resources of the public agency and lastly a person who can interpret the instructional implications of evaluation results, who may also be a member of the team described above. The IEP team may also include other individuals who have knowledge or special expertise regarding the child, including related services personnel, as appropriate and the child with the disability.
Generally, the initial IEP meeting will be facilitated by the district psychologist who performed the multidisciplinary assessment or a low level district administrator such as a program coordinator. Upon beginning the meeting and after introductions you will be given a copy of your procedural rights which you should either review at the IEP meeting or at home. Next, the district psychologist and others will review their assessments and will go over in detail the findings and results. If your child is determined to have a qualifying condition the next step is to identify the educational needs of your child.
It is important to remember that you as a parent are an equal member of the IEP team. Your input and concerns are invaluable to the team and need to be discussed in detail. It is essential that you write down all of your concerns and list all of your child’s perceived areas of deficit. During the IEP meeting you must make sure that for every area of deficit you have identified and the district has identified in its assessment(s) there is a goal addressing that area of need. The school district’s assessment(s) should contain proposed goals on how to overcome the deficit areas. However, you should discuss each goal and add more when appropriate.
GOALS DRIVE SERVICES. The more goals your child has in his/her IEP the more services will be required for your child to meet those goals. For example if your child has four (4) reading comprehension goals he/she will need more than one half hour per week of group reading support from the resource specialist (RSP teacher).
After the IEP team is satisfied with the goals the District will make its offer of a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). In short, this is the District’s offer of special education and related services it feels are appropriate to meet your child’s unique needs. It is important to remember that the District has an incentive to save costs. Therefore, they typically start low when making their offer of services. You should always counteroffer and request more services.
The offer of a FAPE is a complicated issue. The services must be provided at "no cost" to parents. An "appropriate" education means that the education is designed to meet your child’s unique needs, allowing him/her to access and benefit from their education. However, it does not require the school district to maximize your child’s potential or offer the best program. The District’s burden is low. As long as the offered program and support services allow your child to receive some benefit, the district will have met its burden.
NEVER SIGN THE IEP document at the IEP meeting. It is the best practice to always take the IEP document home to review before signing. After careful review and if you do not have additional questions you can return a signed copy to the district within a couple of days. Invariably you will have questions after the IEP meeting which you may want to have answered before signing the IEP document. After you have signed and returned the IEP document the District must within a reasonable time implement the services it will offer.
California Special Needs Law Group is a versatile law practice designed to meet the ever changing needs of its clients. Our primary focus is helping special needs children ascertain a free appropriate public education (FAPE) from their school district.Call them at:(888) 900-0744.
Disclaimer: Internet Special Education Resources (ISER) provides this information in an effort to help parents find local special education professionals and resources. ISER does not recommend or endorse any particular special education referral source, special educational methodological bias, type of special education professional, or specific special education professional.
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